Thursday, April 2, 2009

The Many Uses Of MORINGA or 'ZOGALE'

Moringa which is popularly known as Zogale among Hausa speaking people, is a plant which can cure countless diseases. Significantly, it arrests ageing, produces a more retentive memory, and is capable of curing 300 diseases.
The common names of the Moringa oleifera include horseradish tree, radish tree, drumstick, West India Ben, and Benzoline in French. Back home the tree is known as Zogale in Hausa, Gawara in Fulfulde, Okwe Oyibo in Igbo, and Ewe Igbale in the Yoruba language.
Typically, Moringa can be regarded as a WAZOBIA tree at the local level, since it is found in every part of the country and beyond.
Moringa has for a very long time been identified by some traditional herbalists to cure many diseases, and even used as food and nutrition supplement, but it is only of recent that modern scientists began to reap out its benefits. Out of the several researches they have conducted they found many to have medicinal, nutritional as well as raw materials values.
Early researches confirmed that the leaves and pods of Moringa tree have great nutritional value, and yield many vitamins and minerals.
The Moringa is a multi-purpose tree with a variety of potentials uses. It is regarded by some people as 'A Miracle Plant'. Its leaves, pods, seeds, flowers, roots are edible, and have different nutritional and medicinal values. Edible oil can also be extracted from the seeds, because it yields 38-40 percent of non-drying oil known as Ben oil.
The Ben oil is used for arts, manufacturing, hairdressing and lubricating some other delicate machinery.
It was also observed from the recent research works that the powder from Moringa kernels works as a natural coagulant which can clarify even very turbid water, removing up to 99 percent of bacteria in the process. It is also used in alley cropping systems, and various parts and products can be used for scrubbing utensils and for cleaning walls. It can also be used for clarifying honey and sugar cane juice, plant disease preventive, ornamental, paper pulp among others.
Scientists said from the pure Moringa tree leaf you can get very good benefits for the health, which are very much reported in studies of the leaf. It is organic, natural, endurance, and energy supplement of health and the post beneficial and purest part of the plant is the powdered Moringa leaf.
According to the annals of the ayurveda, India's old tradition of medicines, the leaves of the Moringa tree could treat at least 300 diseases. Although it is not yet confirmed by the orthodox scientists.
Researches have also found that Moringa leaf has no proven bad effects and is absolutely safe and organic. "Because of its tolerant properties, it has been given to malnourished little babies in some part Africa. Athletes all over the world boost their performance abilities by taking huge quantities of the leaf, to keep them fit both mentally and physically. It is their secret weapon. Even for senior citizens who are losing their sharpness of mind, the Moringa tree leaf could be a great help. In fact the powder is suitable for people from any age group", said the Herbel Home Remedies- herbel medicine research center.
The Moringa tree grows mainly in semi-arid tropical and subtropical areas. While it grows best in dry sandy soil, it tolerates poor soil, including coastal areas. It is a fast-growing, drought-resistant tree that is native to India, Africa and the Middle East. Today it is widely cultivated in Africa, Central and South America, Sri Lanka, India, Mexico, Malaysia and the Philippines. Considered one of the world's most useful trees, as almost every part of the Moringa tree can be used for food, or has some other beneficial property.
In a first attempt by the Nigerian government to develop the potentials of the Moringa Oleifera, the Raw Material Research and Development Agency (RMRDC), an Agency under the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology, recently organized a workshop and Exhibition to sensitize the public on socio-economic uses of Moringa.
The theme of the Workshop entitled; 'Moringa Oleifera, a Plant Resource for Achieving Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)' has attracted many resources persons to deliberate on the uses of the plants and how to encourage commercials plantation and production of the tree.
Dr. Nwora A. Ozumba, is a Moringa researcher from the Moringa Research Department of Parasitology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Akwa, and a resources person at the workshop, said every part of Moringa Oliefera, be it the leaves, roots, flowers, oil, have a range of medicinal and nutritional remedies.
"In fact, at the last count I ended up with eighty one (81) remedies minimum and they can cure virtually anything, we the orthodox scientists have been attacking the herbal medicine men on how can a single drug cure 20 diseases, but now we realized that if you pick a leaf Moringa it has the potential to cure so many diseases, all scientifically proven, the leaves alone can cure diabetes, malaria, malnutrition etc. We can now see the scientific basis for what the traditional medicine people are saying. Moringa in one sentence can cure anything. It is a Dr. Cure All".
Dr Ozumba who has been working on Moringa for about 11 years, told Daily Trust that he has never taken protein or mineral supplement prepared by the pharmaceutical companies since he discovered Moringa. According to him they are too inferior compared to Moringa. "Take a look at me to see whether I have a malnutrition problem, when you look at the scientific analysis of what Moringa tree contains, you will see the basis of all what I am saying"
"As a researcher as well as an academician, our duty is to develop this thing for the industry, to develop them and add value to it, as you can see RMRDC is collaborating with Avuco to develop the potentials of the plant.
Dr Ozumba said Moringa is sustainable. It never finishes, it does not destroy the environment, but instead it adds to it. Crude oil can damage our environment, but Moringa doesn't encourage hostage taking, like what is happening in the Niger Delta today. So if the cost benefit analysis is done in these two sectors, Moringa usage will go beyond the crude oil.
"A lot of things can be developed and commercialized from the tree ,and I can tell you that if we do a real cost benefits analysis, between crude oil and Moringa, it will definitely be in favour of Moringa".
According to him, Moringa business is not a local issue, "there was an international workshop held in Ghana two years ago, the whole World was there ,and only Nigeria was absent, I was the only Nigerian scientist that attended the workshop, and I was even ashamed of myself because I was the only man from Nigeria.
"The most irritating thing in Nigeria is that, Moringa can grow anywhere from Port Harcourt to Maiduguri because it suits every climatic condition in Nigeria, and we have the landmass, so if Nigeria is really serious about Moringa, I assure you it will do away with all these problems associated with crude oil and will achieve much in the fight against poverty", said Dr Ozumba
Herbel Home Remedies listed Moringa leaf benefits to include among others, Increasing the natural defenses of the body, Provide nourishment to the eyes and the brain, Promotes metabolism with bio-available ingredients, Promotes the Cell structure of the body, Promotes natural Serum cholesterol.
Others are it lowers the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines, promotes the normal functioning of the liver and the kidney, Beautifies the skin, Promotes energy, Promotes proper digestion, Acts as an antioxidant, Takes care of the immune system of the body
Promotes healthy circulatory system, It is an anti-inflammatory, gives a feeling of general wellness and supports the normal sugar levels of the body.
The center also identifies that Moringa leaf boosts energy in a natural manner, and is a remarkable source of nutrition. This energy promotion does not happen because of sugar, so it is lasts for a long time. Individuals ingesting it say that their ulcers are healed, tumors restricted, there are reduction in the arthritis pains and inflammations, controlled blood pressure, the skin problems are restored, and finally they have stronger defenses against diseases.
Another property of the Moringa leaf is its soothing ability, because of which it can lower the blood pressure and promotes good sleep. It can also purify water since it has a detoxifying effect. It is also a coagulant agent, Moringa can attach itself to hazardous bacteria and other materials, a process that is surmised to occur in the body too. The happy outcome is more sustained energy without any over-activity, balanced hormone and gland system, controlled blood pressure, and a rested nervous system.
Simple analysis made by the centre shows that Moringa leaves contain:
7 times the vitamin C in oranges
4 times the calcium in milk
4 times the vitamin A in carrots
2 times the protein in milk
3 times the potassium in bananas
Another resource person at the workshop from the Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Dr I.M Bugaje, said the contributions of Moringa are immense, not only in nutrition, but in water treatment. The seeds after removing oil and other chemicals from it, can be used to remove bacteria from drinking water.
Dr Bugaje said the oil also is as good as olive oil, because it has high omega three and eight component in it.
He said the main focus of the workshop is on the use of Moringa seeds for water treatment to replace alum and other chemicals.
According to him, Nigeria today is importing chemicals worth billion of Dollars for water treatment and because of the rising cost of these chemicals; many of the water treatment plants are not using enough chemicals to treat the water well. "That is why our drinking water is of low quality, because is under dose.
"With this initiative, we believed we don't need to put more money to import these chemicals again. We can use our local biodiversity to treat our water, that is why this workshop is holding to discuss on how to use Moringa seeds for water treatment", said Bugaje.
He said a plan to build a pilot plant in a village near Zaria is on, that will show to the World that this is proven technology, and for the private sector to come in.
Bugaje added that already Moringa is being processed in Tanzania, Malawi and they are exporting it to Europe. "Nigeria needs to move forward. We have more potentials of Moringa than any country in Africa, but yet we are not exporting it to any country".
The advantage of Moringa is natural, so they have no side effects, but alum is known to have caused a lot of diseases including anemia diseases.
He said using Moringa is for the betterment of Nigeria economically and healthwise, saying that that is why we need to shift from the use of alum to the use of Moringa seeds.
Beside the seeds for water treatment, analysts said the Moringa leaf is comparatively an unheard name in spite of the fact that it has been found mentioned more than two thousand years before, and the World Health Organization has been observing and utilizing the tree for more than forty years now as a cheap health supplement in the poverty-stricken countries the world over. They said the reason behind this is that, the sale of all kinds of health supplements, minerals and vitamins is a lucrative business. According to some analysts no big company would ever take the risk of introducing a name that could potentially harm and lower the sale of all other nutritional items. The same holds water for the pharmaceutical countries too. These huge companies would prefer to keep the general public in the dark about the benefits of the Moringa leaf to make big money.
Yohanna Dami Kadashi is the Executive Director of Avuco Nigeria Limited. He said among the common diseases that Moringa can cure are high blood pressure, Malaria and diabetes, as well as helping people living with HIV/AIDS by removing the feverish condition for the patient to be stable.
He said his center has been doing research on Moringa for at least five years, stressing that their main concern is to do the research to find out the capabilities of the plant and other product from it.
He said the oil from Moringa seeds is in high demand in the international market, and is being sold at $10 per litre.
He told Daily Trust that part of the expansion project of the centre is the plan to plant one million seedlings for this year, also making it available to public to buy ,as he said the tree is very important to every home.
The Director General of the Raw Material Research and Development council, Professor Peter A. Onwualu said at the sensitization workshop on Moringa that the plant is a good supplement to other oil seed crops, and does not compete with local food production.
According to him, the importance of Moringa includes but is not restricted to oil uses for both cooking, and as raw material for the cosmetic industry, water treatment as suitable substitute to alum and the leaves as a source of raw materials for preparation of nutritional and medicinal products due to its high protein content (27 %), significant quantities of calcium, Iron, phosphorous and Vitamins (A, B, and C) among other active ingredients.
Onwualu further disclosed that other uses include, it's use as animal fodder, the cake is used as animal feed, and the wood pulp is used as raw materials for paper-making.
He said the policy relevance of promoting the plant is to cultivate and develop the whole value chain is in line with the poverty reduction strategy of this administration.
Onwualu said the new strategy to be used by RMRDC in developing the plant is through the sensitization workshops and awareness, creation on the importance of Moringa, as well as promoting the culture of processing Moreinga into useful products for industrial and other importance uses.
He said the Agency would also create employment opportunities through the cultivation of Moringa and enhance income generation among farmers, especially women, who might be involved in the cultivation, seed harvesting and marketing, processing of seeds into oil and other economic activities.
"There is no doubt that Moringa has the potential to address issues relating to income generation, job creation, improved health through the supply of potable and wholesome water. It will equally enhance food security through cultivation, processing and utilization of the plant".
The DG RMRDC told the participants that the need to mount adequate awareness campaign among the policy makers, private sector, NGO, farmers and the public, concerted efforts will be made to develop this hitherto unknown plant resources to an export crop, which will in turn attract considerable economic benefits to our country.
Professor Charles Wambebe, Fellow of the Nigerian Academy of Science and member of the International Biomedical Research in Africa said the potentials of Moringa for medicinal purposes are enormous, but unfortunately, in Nigeria there is no documentation of research work of the Plant.
He said ' I wish to see that there is collection of researches on Moringa in Nigeria and be publishing in the science journals.
"In Ghana they have gone far in that respect. In fact they encourage every household to plant the tree within their compounds, so that they can explore the best out of it".


  1. Good article. We need to get this to the grassroots.

  2. ESAN AKINTOYE TEMITOPEJune 6, 2011 at 1:38 AM


  3. This is a miracle as this plant eliminated my 12 years old Stomach ulcer. I referred to one of this northern guys called Abubaka, here in Port Harcourt, who sells the so called "Miracle Tree". Anybody can contact him on 08037409343, 08055832307.

    He also told me Diabetes, asthma, Arthritis, sexual problems and STD's Patients needs it Most.


  5. Aliyu Magaji MakarfiAugust 1, 2011 at 1:15 PM

    I am absolutely astonished by the facts presented in this article on this wonderful tree. Moringa tree is readily available in Nigeria, what only remains is for whoever comes across this article to pass it to those that do not have the opportunity to read it here. I found this write-up very useful and educative.

  6. If you are interested in planting moringa we have the seed for sale in large quantity and also seedlings and the powder, just call this number 08064460886

  7. Gloria, i found this plant very useful, i wish government should organize awareness programe for the public to know about this wonderful plant. 08033175916

  8. Moringa is making positive impact in the lives of folks consuming it worldwide. Only two weeks ago, I interviewed one Hajia Mariam, who says they (Her friend and herself) have used the powder made from dry moringa seeds to treat a 90-year old diabetic in Portharcourt. The doctor upon realizing this, wondered in amazement what miracle took place for the poor old man's sugar level to have dropped that fast and drastic. We are currently managing diabetic and hypertensive patients with Moringa leaf and seeds. Moringa is still changing lives with testimonials to show. I'l be speaking on Moringa in two major conferences in Rivers State. For Seminars on Moringa, call us Also to get moringa products- local and imported, call 08065387819/08122964741. Also to get over 30 moringa videos on DVD CALL THE ABOVE NUMBERS. Or send an email to More info can also be got on Moringa For Life!

  9. when i see people eating moringa leave (zogale) i use to wonder the kind of leave it is and what it cures not untill i began to take it that i come to know the importance. It is a wonder, magic, two million doctors in one tree. I therfore recommend it to every one.

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  12. Moringa a leave i have known for long time a go but i don't know the usefuness because i was born in Hausa land in Kano State we use to take moringa leave (Zogale)like vegetable. Please let make the awareness to people so that people will know much about it.

  13. May this plant never go extinct in Jesus name.

  14. please I need the seed for planting

  15. This is interesting! This is a natural gift from God but only few can testify it!

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  17. can i take the moringa seed 2 times a day?

  18. how do we readily identify this plant, for those who have not been exposed to it before now. there seem to be a whole lot of bottles of powder as moringa in the FCT. Trust naijas for commercial ventures. i would appreciate a geniune source. thans

  19. If you need 100% pure Natural Moringa oleifera leaf powder no additive.
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  20. What a wonderful God. I felt ultimately blessed for reading this article

  21. I have discovered that Moringa is needed by all for a healthy living. My customers have confirmed the healing effects on Arthritis, High BP, Stress, Backache, Diabetes and weight reduction. If you are in Port Harcourt pls call me on 08036745514 (CHRIS)to get any of the moringa products

  22. For viable Moringa seeds and leaf powder in Surulere & lagos environ, pls call Olaide on 08039406600

  23. For Fresh leaves and leaf powder in Ikorodu. Call 08080942980

  24. woooow...thank God for the moringa tree

  25. for fresh leaves and seeds pls call 08029089741 or 07017993025.we can supply to any part of Nigeria

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  27. great plant working wonders, but caution should be taken on its usage. Especially with prepared powders, contamination during production is a problem. dosage is also a thing to worry about so one does not take excess, thus the need for further research. It is also important to notify the public that the root and its extracts contains toxic materials, so caution should be taken.

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  31. Aliesha Carla SanchezMay 8, 2015 at 7:45 AM


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